Cite this article

NIDA. (1999, September 1). Drug Abuse and Addiction Research: 25 Years of Discovery to Advance the Health of the Public. Retrieved from https://archives.drugabuse.gov/publications/drug-abuse-addiction-research-25-years-discovery-to-advance-health-public

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References

Research on the Nature and Extent of Drug Use in the United States

  1. Current results can be viewed at the University of Michigan Monitoring theFuture Home Page (www.isr.umich.edu/src/mtf/main.html). Past results: Johnston, L.D.; O'Malley, P.M.; and Bachman, J.G. National Survey Results on Drug Use From the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995. Volume I: Secondary school students. NIH Pub. No. 97-4139. Volume II: College students and young adults. NIH Pub. No. 98-4140. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1996-1997.
  2. SAMHSA. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1996. DHHS Pub. No. (SMA) 98-3200. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998. Also available electronically at www.samhsa.gov or at ncadi.samhsa.gov.
  3. Community Epidemiology Work Group. Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse, December 1997.NIH Pub. No. 98-4297. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1998. Also available electronically at www.cdmgroup.com/cewg/pubs.htm.
  4. SAMHSA. Preliminary Results From the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.DHHS Pub. No. (SMA) 98-3200. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998. Also available electronically at www.samhsa.gov or at ncadi.samhsa.gov, pp. 9-14.
  5. Community Epidemiology Work Group. Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse, December 1997.NIH Pub. No. 98-4297. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1998, p. 4. Also available electronically at www.cdmgroup.com/cewg/pubs.htm.
  6. Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: 1998, A Ten Year Plan. Washington: ONDCP, 1998, p. 7. Citing: Office of National Drug Control Policy. What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs, 1988-1995. Washington: ONDCP, 1997, p. 13.
  7. Office of National Drug Control Policy, 1998 (see reference 6 above).

NIDA Research Priorities and Highlights

Neurobiology, Genetics, and Behavior

  1. Weiss and Markou, Effects of dopamine agonists and antagonists on cocaine-induced operant responding for a cocaine-associated stimulus. Psychopharmacology, in press, 1996.
  2. Self, D.W.; Barnhart, W.J.; Lehman, D.A.; and Nestler, E.J. Opposite modulation of cocaine-seeking behavior by D1- and D2-like dopamine receptor agonists. Science 271:1586-1589, 1996.
  3. Volkow, N.D.; Wang, G.J.; Fowler, J.S.; et al. Decreased striatal dopaminergic responsiveness in detoxified cocaine-dependent subjects. Nature 386:830-833, 1997.
  4. Volkow, N.D.; Ding, Y.S.; Fowler, J.S.; and Wang, G.J. Cocaine addiction: Hypothesis derived from imaging studies with PET. Journal of Addictive Diseases 15:55-71, 1996.
  5. Dr. George King of the Duke University Medical Center has a FIRST award.
  6. Sora, I.; Wichems, C.; Takahashi, N.; et al. Cocaine reward models: Conditioned place preference can be established in dopamine-and in serotonin-transporter knockout mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95:7699-7704, 1998.
  7. Picciotto, M.R.; Zoli, M.; Rimondini, R.; et al. Acetylcholine receptors containing the beta2 subunit are involved in the reinforcing properties of nicotine. Nature 391:173-177, 1998.
  8. Fowler, J.S.; Volkow, N.D.; Wang, G.-J.; et al. Brain monoamine oxidase A inhibition in cigarette smokers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 93: 14065-14069, 1996.
  9. Stein, E.A.; Pankiewicz, J.; Harsch, H.H.; et al. Nicotine-induced limbic cortical activation in the human brain: A functional MRI study. American Journal of Psychiatry 155(8):1009-1015, 1998.
  10. Westin, E.C.; Frederique, M.B.; and Rose, J.E. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior53:309-315, 1996.
  11. These latest findings by Dr. David K. Grandy and colleagues at the Oregon Health Sciences University appeared in the October 3, 1996, issue of Neuroscience.
  12. Tyndale, R.E.; Droll, K.P.; and Sellers, E.M. Genetically deficient CYP2D6 metabolism provides protection against oral opiate dependence. Pharmacogenetics 7:375-379, 1997.
  13. Schubiner, H.; et al. Presented at the Fifth Annual Conference on Behavior, Neurobiology, Substance Abuse, and Culture, Los Angeles, CA, October 16, 1997.
  14. Myers, M.G.; Stewart, D.G.; and Brown, S.A. Progression of conduct disorder to antisocial personality disorder following treatment for adolescent substance abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry 155(4):479-485, 1998.
  15. Blum, K.; Cull, J.G.; Braverman, E.R.; and Comings, D.E. Reward deficiency syndrome. American Scientist 84:132-145, 1996.

Treatment Advances

  1. Iguchi, M., et al. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 4(3):315-321, 1996.
  2. Vaupel, D.B.; Kimes, A.S.; and London, E.D. Nitric oxide synthase inhibitors. Preclinical studies of potential use for treatment of opioid withdrawal. Neuropsychopharmacology13:315-322, 1995.
  3. Joe, G.W.; Dansereau, D.F.; Pitre, U.; and Simpson, D.D. Effectiveness of node-link mapping enhanced counseling for opiate addicts: A 12-month post- treatment follow-up. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 185:306-313, 1997.
  4. Nunes, E.V.; Quitkin, F.M.; Donovan, S.J.; et al. Imipramine treatment of opiate-dependent patients with depressive disorders: A placebo-controlled trial. Archives of General Psychiatry55(2):153-160, 1998.
  5. Riggs, P.D.; Mikulich, S.K.; Coffman, L.M.; and Crowley, T.J.J. Fluoxetine in drug-dependent delinquents with major depression: An open trial. Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology7(2):87-95, 1997.
  6. Geller, B.; Cooper, T.B.; Sun, K.; et al. Double-blind and placebo-controlled study of lithium for adolescent bipolar disorders with secondary substance dependency. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 37(2):171-178, 1998.
  7. Schmitz, J.M.; Bordnick, P.S.; and Le, T. "Smoking Cessation in Women With Heart Disease Risk: A Preliminary Comparison of Two Treatment Models." Presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, March 1996.
  8. Cinciripini, P.M.; Lapitsky, L.; Seay, S.; et al. The effects of smoking schedules on cessation outcome: Can we improve on common methods of gradual and abrupt nicotine withdrawal? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 63:388-399, 1995.
  9. Hatsukami, D.; Jensen, J.; Allen, S.; et al. Effects of behavioral and pharmacological treatment on smokeless tobacco users. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64:153-161, 1996.
  10. Bukoski, W.J., and Evans, R.I. Cost Effectiveness Research of Drug Abuse Prevention. Implications for Programming and Policy. NIDA Research Monograph, No. 176, 1998.
  11. DATOS, Special issue of Psychology of Addictive Behavior, vol. 11, 1997.
  12. Grella, C.E., and Hser, Y.I. A county survey of mental health services in drug treatment programs. Psychiatric Services 48(7):950-952, 1997.
  13. Larson, M.J.; Samet, J.H.; and McCarty, D. Managed care of substance abuse disorders. Implications for generalist physicians. Medical Clinics of North America 81(4):1053-1069, 1997.
  14. McLellan, A.T.; Grissom, G.R.; Zanis, D.; et al. Problem-service "matching" in addiction treatment: A prospective study in four programs. Archives of General Psychiatry, in press.

Drug Abuse, HIV, and Other Infectious Diseases

  1. Kral, A.H.; Bluthenthal, R.N.; Booth, R.E.; et al. HIV seroprevalence among street-recruited IDUs and crack cocaine users in 16 U.S. municipalities. American Journal of Public Health, in press.
  2. Gorman, M.E.; et al. Speed, sex, gay men, and HIV: Ecological and community perspectives. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 11(4):505-515, 1997.
  3. Falck, R.; Wang, J.; Carlson, R.; and Siegal, H. Factors influencing condom use among heterosexual users of injection drugs and crack cocaine. Sexually Transmitted Diseases24(4):1-7, 1997.
  4. Wood, M., and Rhodes, F. Using social gatherings to encourage HIV risk reduction among drug users. American Journal of Public Health (notes from the field) 86(12):1815-1816, 1996.
  5. Trotter, R.T.; Bowen, A.M.; Baldwin, J.A.; and Price, L. The efficacy of network-based HIV/AIDS risk reduction programs in mid-sized towns in the U.S. Journal of Drug Issues26(3):591-605, 1996.
  6. Andersen, M.D.; Hockman, E.M.; and Smereck, G. Effect of a nursing outreach intervention to drug users in Detroit, Michigan. Journal of Drug Issues 26(3):619-634, 1996.
  7. Leshner, A.I. Public Health Reports 113 (Suppl 1):1-4, 1998.
  8. Des Jarlais, D.C.; Marmor, M.; Paone, D.; et al. HIV incidence among injecting drug users in New York City syringe-exchange programmes. Lancet 348:987-991, 1996.
  9. Paone, D.; Des Jarlais, D.; Clark, J.; et al. Update: Syringe-exchange programs--United States, 1996. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 46(24):565-568, 1997.
  10. Brook, D.W.; Brook, J.S.; Whiteman, M.; et al. Needle-sharing: A longitudinal study of psychosocial risk and protective factors. American Journal on Addictions 5(3):209-219, 1996.
  11. Villano, S.A.; Nelson, K.E.; Vlahov, D.; et al. Hepatitis A among homosexual men and injection drug users: More evidence for vaccination. Clinical Infectious Diseases 25:726-728, 1997.
  12. Garfein, R.; Vlahov, D.; Galai, N.; et al. Viral infections in short-term drug users. American Journal of Public Health 86:655-661, 1996.
  13. Hershow, R.C.; Riester, K.A.; Lew, J.; et al. Increased vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus from hepatitis C virus-coinfected mothers. Women and Infants Transmission Study. Journal of Infectious Diseases 176:414- 420, 1997.
  14. Perlman, D.; Perkins M.P.; Solomon, N.; et al. American Journal of Public Health, in press.
  15. Gourevitch, M.N.; Wasserman, W.; Panero, M.S.; Selwyn, P.A. Successful adherence to observed prophylaxis and treatment of tuberculosis among drug users in a methadone program. Journal of Addictive Diseases 15:93-104, 1996.

Fetal and Childhood Development

  1. Eyler, F.D.; Behnke, M.; Conlon, M.; et al. Birth outcome from a prospective, matched study of prenatal crack/cocaine use: I. Interactive and dose effects on health and growth. Pediatrics 101:229-237, 1998; and Eyler, F.D.; Behnke, M.; Conlon, M.; et al. Birth outcome from a prospective, matched study of prenatal crack/cocaine use: II. Interactive and dose effects on neurobehavioral assessment. Pediatrics 101:237-241, 1998.
  2. Norton, E.C.; Zarkin, G.A.; Calingaert, B.; and Bradley, C.J. The effect of maternal substance abuse on the cost of neonatal care. Inquiry 33:247-257, 1996.
  3. Johnson, J.M.; Seikel, J.A.; Madison, C.M.; et al. Standardized test performance of children with a history of prenatal exposure to multiple drugs/cocaine. Journal of Communication Disorders 30:45-72, 1997.
  4. Jackson, C.; Henriksen, L.; Dickinson, D.; and Levine, D.W. Early use of alcohol and tobacco: Relation to child competence and parental behavior. American Journal of Public Health87:359-364, 1997.
  5. Brook, J.S.; Whiteman, M.; Finch, S.J.; and Cohen, P. Young adult drug use and delinquency: Childhood antecedents and adolescent mediators. Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry 35(12):1584-1592, 1996.
  6. Ennett, S.T.; Flewelling, R.L.; Lindrooth, R.C.; and Norton, E.C. School and neighborhood characteristics associated with school rates of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 38:55-71, 1997.
  7. Wills, T.A., and Cleary, S.D. How are social support effects mediated? A test with parental support and adolescent substance use. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71:937-952, 1996.
  8. Scheier, L.M., and Botvin, G.J. Effects of early adolescent drug use on cognitive efficacy in early-late adolescence: A developmental structural model. Journal of Substance Abuse 7(4):379-40, 1995; and Scheier, L.M., and Botvin, G.J. Cognitive effects of marijuana. (Letter.) Journal of the American Medical Association 275(20):1547, 1996.
  9. Wills, T.A.; McNamara, G.; Vaccaro, D.; and Hirky, A.E. Escalated substance use: A longitudinal grouping analysis from early to middle adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 105(2):166-180, 1996.
  10. Moss, H.B.; Clark, D.B.; and Kirisci, L. Timing of paternal substance use disorder cessation and effects of problem behaviors in sons. American Journal on the Addictions 6(1):30-37, 1997.

Prevention of Drug Abuse and Addiction

  1. Glantz, M., and Sloboda, Z. Analysis and reconceptualization of resilience. In M. Glantz and J. Johnson (Eds.), Resiliency and Development: Positive Life Adaptations. New York: Plenum Press, in press; Masten, A.S., and Coatsworth, J.D. The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments: Lessons from research on successful children. American Psychologist 53(2):205-220, 1998; Pandina, R.J. Risk and protective factor models in adolescent drug use: Putting them to work for prevention. In National Conference on Drug Abuse Prevention Research: Presentations, Papers, and Recommendations. NIH Pub. No. 98-4293, 1998, 17-26; and Catalano, R.F.; Kosterman, R.; Hawkins, J.D.; et al. Etiology of adolescent substance use: A test of the Social Development Model. Journal of Drug Issues26:429-455, 1996.
  2. Dodge, K.A.; Lochman, J.E.; Harnish, J.D.; et al. Reactive and proactive aggression in school children and psychiatrically impaired chronically assaultive youth. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 106(1):37-51, 1997.
  3. Hecht, M.; Trost, M.; Bator, R.; and MacKinnon, D. Ethnicity and gender similarities and differences in drug resistance. Journal of Applied Communication Research 25:1-23, 1997.
  4. Clarke, G.; Goldberg, L.; Moe, E.; Poole, L.; and Withrrite, T. Young women's disordered eating and drug use: Do middle and high school students differ? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29:293, 1997.
  5. Jackson, C.; Henriksen, L.; Dickinson, D.; and Levine, D.W. The early use of alcohol and tobacco: Its relation to children's competence and parents' behavior. American Journal of Public Health 87:359-364, 1997.
  6. Scheier, L.M.; Botvin, G.J.; and Baker, E. Risk and protective factors as predictors of adolescent alcohol involvement and transition in alcohol use: A prospective analysis. Journal of Alcohol Studies 58(6):652-667, 1997.
  7. Stacy, A.W.; Galaif, E.; Sussman, S.; and Dent, C.W. Self-generated drug outcomes in continuation high school students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 10:18-27, 1996.
  8. Scheier, L.M., and Botvin, G.J. Effects of early adolescent drug use on cognitive efficacy in early-late adolescence: A developmental structural model. Journal of Substance Abuse7(4):379-400, 1996.
  9. Dishion, T.J.; Kavanagh, K.; and Kiesner, J. Prevention of early substance use among high-risk youth: A multiple gating approach to parent interventions. In National Conference on Drug Abuse Prevention Research: Presentations, Papers, and Recommendations.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998, pp. 87-100.
  10. Duncan, S.C.; Duncan, T.E.; Biglan, A.; and Ary, D.V. Contributions of social context to the development of adolescent substance use: A multivariate latent growth modeling approach. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 50:57-71, 1998.
  11. Dishion et al., 1998 (see reference 70 above).
  12. Fleming, C.B.; Brewer, D.D.; Gainey, R.R.; et al. Parent drug use and bonding to parents as predictors of substance use in children of substance abusers. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 6(4):75-86, 1997.
  13. Gainey, R.R.; Catalano, R.F.; Haggerty, K.P.; and Hoppe, M.J. Deviance among the children of heroin addicts in treatment: Impact of parents and peers. Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal 18:143-159, 1997.
  14. Nurco, D.N.; Blatchley, R.J.; Hanlon, T.E.; et al. The family experiences of narcotic addicts and their subsequent parenting practices. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse24(1):37-59.
  15. Jackson, C., and Henriksen, L. Do as I say: Parent smoking, anti-smoking socialization, and smoking onset among children. Addictive Behaviors 22:107-114, 1997.
  16. Tracy, A.J.; Collins, L.M.; and Graham, J.W. "Exposure to Adult Substance Use as a Risk Factor in Adolescent Substance Use Onset: Part I." Methodology Center Technical Report number 97-13. College of Health and Human Development, Pennsylvania State University, 1997.
  17. Colder, C.R.; Lochman, J.E.; and Wells, K.C. The moderating effects of children's fear and activity level on relations between parenting practices and childhood symptomatology. Journal of Abnormal and Child Psychology 25:251-263, 1997.
  18. Dishion, T.J.; Eddy, J.M.; Li, F.; and Spracklen, K. Friendships and violent behavior during adolescence. Social Development 6(2):207-223, 1997.
  19. Duncan et al., 1998 (see reference 71 above).
  20. Jackson, C. Initiation and experimental stages of tobacco and alcohol during late childhood: Relation to peer, parent, and personal risk factors. Addictive Behaviors 22:1-14, 1997.
  21. Ennett, S.T.; Flewelling, R.L.; Lindrooth, R.C.; and Norton, E.C. School and neighborhood characteristics associated with school rates of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 38:55-71, 1997.
  22. Pentz, M.A.; Sussman, S.; and Newman, T. The conflict between least harm and no use tobacco policy for youth: Ethical and policy implications. Addiction 92(9):1165-1173, 1997.
  23. Cook, R.F.; Bernstein, A.D.; and Andrews, C.M. Assessing drug use in the workplace: A comparison of self-report, urinalysis, and hair analysis. In Harrison and Hughes (Eds.), The Validity of Self-Reported Drug Use: Improving the Accuracy of Survey Estimates. NIDA Research Monograph No. 167. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.
  24. Bennett, J.B., and Lehman, W.E.K. Employee attitudes crystallization and substance use policy: Test of a classification. Journal of Drug Issues 26(4):831-864, 1996.
  25. Swaim, R.C.; Oetting, E.R.; Casas, M.J. Cigarette use among migrant and non-migrant Mexican American youth: A socialization latent variable model. Health Psychology 15(4):269-281, 1996.
  26. Hecht et al., 1997 (see reference 64 above).
  27. Carvajal, S.C.; Photiades, J.R.; Evans, R.I.; and Nash, S.G. Relating a social influence model to the role of acculturation in substance use among Latino adolescents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 1617-1628, 1997.
  28. Spoth, R.; Redmond, C.; and Shin, C. Direct and indirect latent variable parenting outcomes of two universal family-focused prevention interventions: Extending a public health oriented research base. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 66(2):385-399, 1998.
  29. Tobler, N.S., and Stratton, H. Effectiveness of school-based drug prevention programs: A meta-analysis of the research. Journal of Primary Prevention 18(1):71-128, 1997.
  30. Sussman, S.; Simon, T.R.; Dent, C.W.; et al. Immediate impact of thirty-two drug use prevention activities among students at continuation high schools. Substance Use and Misuse32(3):265-281, 1997.
  31. Stacy et al. 1996, (see reference 68 above).
  32. Dishion, T.J.; Spracklen, K.M.; Andrews, D.W.; and Patterson, G.R. Deviancy training in male adolescent friendships. Behavior Therapy 27:373-390, 1996.
  33. Goldberg, L.; Elliot, D.; Clarke, G.N.; et al. Effects of a multidimensional anabolic steroid prevention intervention: The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) Program. Journal of the American Medical Association 276(19):1555-1562, 1996.
  34. Goldberg et al., 1996 (see reference 94 above).
  35. Chou, C.P.; Montgomery, S.; Pentz, M.A.; et al. Effects of a community-based prevention program on decreasing drug use in high-risk adolescents. American Journal of Public Health88(6):944-948, 1998.
  36. Botvin, G.J.; Baker, E.; Dusenbury, L.; et al. Long-term followup results of a randomized drug abuse prevention trial in a white middle class population. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(14):1106-1112, 1995; and Botvin, G.J.; Schinke, S.P.; Epstein, J.A.; et al. Effectiveness of culturally focused and generic skills training approaches to alcohol and drug abuse prevention among minority adolescents: Two-year follow-up results. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 9(3):183-194, 1995.
  37. Donaldson, S.I.; Graham, J.W.; and Hansen, W.B. Testing the generalizability of intervening mechanism theories: Understanding the effects of adolescent drug use prevention interventions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 17(2):195-216, 1994.
  38. Hawkins, J.D.; Catalano, R.F.; and Miller, J.Y. Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin 112(1):64-105, 1992.
  39. Kosterman, R.; Hawkins, J.D.; Spoth, R.; et al. Effects of "Preparing for the Drug Free Years" on parenting behavior and family interactions. Journal of Community Psychology 25(4):337-352, 1997; and Spoth, R.; Redmond, C.; and Shin, C. Direct and indirect latent variable parenting outcomes of two universal family-focused prevention interventions: Extending a public health oriented research base. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology66(2):385-399, 1998.
  40. Kumpfer, K.L.; Molraard, V.; and Spoth, R. The "Strengthening Families Program" for the prevention of delinquency and drug use. In Peters, R., and McMahon, R. (Eds.), Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1996.
  41. Catalano, R.F.; Kosterman, R.; Hawkins, J.D.; et al. Etiology of adolescent substance use: A test of the Social Development Model. Journal of Drug Issues 26:429-455, 1996.
  42. Eggert, L.L.; Thompson, E.A.; Herting, J.R.; and Nicholas, L.J. Reducing suicide potential among high-risk youth: Tests of a school-based prevention program. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25(2):276-296, 1995.
  43. Dishion et al., 1998 (see reference 70 above).
  44. Harrington, N.G., and Donohew, L. Jump Start: A targeted substance abuse prevention program. Health Education and Behavior 24(5):568-586, 1997.

Women's Health and Gender Differences

  1. Levin, J.M.; Holman, B.L.; Mendelson, J.H.; et al. Gender differences in cerebral perfusion in cocaine abuse: Technetium-99-m-HMPAO SPECT study of drug abusing women. Journal of Nuclear Medicine 35:1902-1909, 1998.
  2. Chang, L.; Ernst, T.; and Strickland, T.L. "Neurochemical Abnormalities and Gender Effects in Abstinent Asymptomatic Cocaine Users." Abstract from the Society of Magnetic Resonance Fourth Scientific Meeting, New York, 1996.
  3. Psychopharmacology 125:346-354, 1996.
  4. Stein, R.A.; Strickland, T.L.; Khalsa-Dennison E.; and Andre, K. Gender differences in neuropsychological test performance among cocaine abusers. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 12:410-411, 1997.
  5. Messina, E.S.; Tyndale, R.F.; and Sellers, E.M. A major role for CYP2A6 in nicotine C-oxidation by human liver microsomes. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 282:277-285, 1997.
  6. Heath, A.C.; Madden, P.A.F.; and Martin, N.G. Statistical methods in genetic research on smoking. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 7:165-186, 1998.
  7. Brook, D.W.; Brook, J.S.; Whiteman, M.; et al. Psychosocial risk factors for HIV transmission in female drug abusers. American Journal on Addictions 6(2):1-12, 1997.
  8. Hershow et al., 1997 (see reference 49 above).
  9. Behnke, M.; Eyler, F.D.; Woods, N.S.; et al. Journal of Drug Issues 27:501-524, 1997.
  10. Brooner, R.K.; King, V.L.; Kidorf, M.; et al. Psychiatric and substance use comorbidity among treatment-seeking opioid abusers. Archives of General Psychiatry 54(1):71-80, 1997.
  11. Hughes, P.H.; Coletti, S.D.; Neri, R.L.; et al. Retaining cocaine-abusing women in a therapeutic community: The effect of a child live-in program. American Journal of Public Health 85(8):1149-1152, 1995.

Minority Population Studies

  1. Polinsky, M.L.; Hser, Y.I.; and Grella, C.E. Consideration of special populations in the drug treatment system of a large metropolitan area. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research 25(1):7-21, 1998.
  2. Singer, M., and Weeks, M. Preventing AIDS in communities of color: Anthropology and social prevention. Human Organization 55(4):488-492, 1996.
  3. Weatherby, N.; McCoy, V.; Bletzer, K.; et al. Immigration and HIV among migrant workers in rural southern Florida. Journal of Drug Issues 27(1):155-172, 1997.
  4. M.D. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 19(2):369-400, 1997.
  5. Beauvais, F. Trends in drug use among American Indian students and dropouts, 1975-1994. American Journal of Public Health 86(1):1594-1598, 1996.
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